Agriculture and biodiversity cohabitate at Montrose Dairy.

Over the last few weeks we have had a black shouldered kite and a white faced heron feeding out our kitchen window.

Bushy tail possumProductive agriculture and biodiversity cohabitate at Montrose Dairy.  Providing habitat for native wildlife is something we really enjoy, with lots of dams and treed areas, there is plenty of space for reptiles, mammals and birds as well as our cows.turtle on grass

It is not uncommon for us to hear and see koalas.  Once we were having breakfast only to look out the window and see a koala casually wandering down the garden path, through our garden gate and off towards nearby trees.

Long necked turtle in one of our damsdam

Long necked turtle in one of our dams

Montrose is visited by echidnas, possums, wallabies, many frog species, lizards, snakes, wedge tailed eagles, turtles and much more.  We have put together a list to help us track what species visit us here on the farm – to date we have counted 133 different native creatures!

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Sun setting on another season

Sun setting on another season

Sun setting on another season

The Montrose Dairy farming calender revolves around our herds calving date. Our herd is a seasonal calving herd, which means all the cows calve in one batch over a few weeks. This calving period is timed to match the seasons and when our farm grows grass.  Before each cow calves she has a break from milking so at the moment almost all the herd is on ‘holiday’. For the next few week we will only be milking a few cows, these cows remaining in the milking herd will begin their ‘holiday’ soon and they will calve at the later end of the calving season. Cows that are (on holiday) not currently in lactation or being milked are called ‘Dry Cows’.

With the first of the new season calves soon to arrive we are busy preparing for the start of a new season. Planning for the new season this year has been particularly difficult, with very poor autumn rains.  Like most dryland farmers across southern Australia we are short of grass. The feedwedge on our farm is well below the magic blue line where we want it to be.

Pasture cover on our farm yesterday.

Fortunately we still have some silage on hand and some hay reserves. We have had good rain in the last few days so now we need some sun shine and mild weather to get the grass growing.

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Why we plant trees

We are often asked by visitors and others why we plant trees on our farm.  Shade and shelter for our cows, biodiversity and habitat for native species and creating a great place to live and work are the reasons we plant trees.

When we head out to plant we say “We are off to go tree planting”.  It is not only trees that are planted however.  We plant trees, shrubs & grasses that are local to our area.

IMG_1326 adjustedMelaleuca ericifolia ready to plant

It is extremely rewarding to watch as the trees grow up and the landscape around us changes.  It is especially satisfying to see our animals rewarded with shade on hot days and shelter on cold & windy days.

Each year we prepare new sites for planting, replace trees & shrubs that have died and manage weeds in our existing treed areas.

IMG_4449A two year old plantation along a creek line

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Early ANZAC morning.

Early ANZAC morning.

This morning I milked the cows as many Australians gathered for dawn services to  remember and reflect. I always find ANZAC morning particularly poignant, in the quiet of predawn (as I collect the cows for milking) the gravity of what happened on this day in 1915 in some ways seems greater.

April the 25th is an occasion of national remembrance, ANZAC Day is a time when we reflect on the many different meanings of war and remember of all Australians & New Zealanders who have served in military operations.

ANZAC Day at Fish Creek

ANZAC Day at Fish Creek

For many farmers the passing of ANZAC day is also a measure of time and the season.  In our region it is often said if we don’t get good rains by ANZAC day we’ll have a challenge getting enough pasture to get through the winter and new pastures planted after today will struggle through the winter.

Newly sow pastures

Newly sow pastures

Some of the pastures we have sown this autumn are booming along considering how dry we have had it and some are really struggling, fingers crossed for a good rain.

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Record heatwave matched and more to come

Record heatwave matched and more to come

March 10, 2013 from The AgeheatwaveWe always expect a bit of early autumn hot weather, like usual when the weather turns hot my thoughts turn to cow comfort. Keeping our cows cool is a priority, while most of our paddocks have shade, during periods of continual heat it’s important there’s plenty of shade available for the entire herd. Shady milkersWe also provide our milkers with a cold shower at the dairy to cool them down.IMG_20130116_171529[1]IMG_0215xraw

Ongoing hot weather creates a few other challenges for us. Ryegrass pastures shut down and stop growing when the temperature hits 30°C.  Most of our pastures are hardly growing but they are still looking healthy and strong ready to bounce away when the elusive autumn break arrives.



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Time to get our crap sorted

Muck spreading

Spreading sludge

Agitating the effluent sludge

Agitating the effluent sludge

Our cows like the vast majority of dairy cows in Australia live in pasture 365 days of the year. Living in the pastures means most of the cows’ manure goes directly on the pasture, providing nutrients to grow more grass. Twice a day our milking herd is collected for milking and while waiting for their turn in the dairy, some manure is collected in the milking yard.   Effluent pondThe manure cleaned from the dairy is collected in a series of effluent ponds. The liquid from these ponds is applied to pasture acting as nutrient rich irrigation water. Once a year the sludge from the first pond is stirred up and pumped out onto paddocks with a ‘Muck Runner’. This black sludge is full of nutrients and great for fertilising the soil.

This black sludge is full of nutrients

This black sludge is full of nutrients

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Comparing Notes

November discussion at Montrose

If only our pastures were still this green, it was November when our discussion group last visited Montrose Dairy.

Dairy discussion groups have been important for many reasons over many years in the dairy industry.  Sharing ideas, learning new ways, getting moral support or hearing from someone who has gone before are all valuable parts of being in a local discussion group.

Discussion groupI grew up with discussion group legend Jack Green often staying with my family while in the district. He would often arrive bearing gifts, maybe some footy socks from his beloved Bombers for my sister and an article from Hoards Dairyman for me. He was a master at not only inspiring farmers but also building the passion in the next generation of farmers.

We value the sharing and support that discussion groups offer.  They are always a great excuse for a tidy up too!

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